Two highly effective treatment options are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). CBT helps a person to identify the negative thought patterns that they have developed while dealing with the stress of their addiction. This therapy helps a person to see that they have the ability to change their thoughts and feelings by changing their behaviors. DBT helps a person to identify and manage their emotions more effectively so that they are able to make more reasonable decisions about their lives. Many times, people struggling with addiction have difficulty managing their emotions and making appropriate choices, which is why both CBT and DBT therapies are very effective in treating addiction. Some therapists with specialized training incorporate other approaches in their counseling sessions, such as motivational interviewing (MI).
However, it is critical to understand that therapy is not the only treatment that helps people overcome addiction and substance misuse. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration recommends medication-assisted treatment
(MAT) for people suffering from opioid use disorder or alcoholism. This combination treatment plan involves a mix of medication as well as the above-mentioned therapies. Often utilized in intensive outpatient programs, medications like methadone can aid the recovery process by helping mitigate withdrawal symptoms and cravings. In the meantime, clients can work on developing their communicaton skills, self-efficacy, and develop new strategies for contingency management.