Understanding Sleeping Pills
Sleeping Pills Abuse
Why do people use sleeping pills?
Types of Sleeping pills
- Barbiturates. These sleeping pills have been around for a long time. They are very effective but also have serious side effects, such as dependence and even death, if too much is taken. Barbiturates are rarely used for insomnia today because of the risk of serious side effects.
- Benzodiazepines. These are the most commonly prescribed sleeping pills today. They affect the central nervous system, helping to reduce anxiety and make it easier to fall asleep. Benzodiazepines can be addictive, especially if used for more than a couple of weeks.
- Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics. These sleeping pills are similar to benzodiazepines but cause less dependence.
- Antidepressants. For people with insomnia who also have depression, antidepressants may be used.
- Natural and herbal remedies. Some natural and herbal remedies are often used to treat insomnia, but they have not been shown to be effective enough to replace prescription sleeping pills.
Sleeping Pill Cost
Signs and Symptoms of Sleeping Pill Overdose
- Difficulty waking up, also known as sleeping too long
- Low blood pressure
- Low heart rate, also known as bradycardia
- Slowed breathing, also known as hypoventilation
- Slurred speech
- Urinary retention, also known as not being able to urinate
- Rebound insomnia (even worse trouble sleeping)
Sleeping Pills Withdrawl Symptoms
- Anxiety or nervousness
- Feelings of panic
- Difficulty concentrating
- Increased heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate
Tapering off Sleeping Pills
How do you get rid of sleeping pill cravings?
- Get enough sleep. Most people need 7-9 hours of regular sleep a night.
- Exercise regularly. Even light activity like yoga can reduce stress and help you sleep better.
- Cut back on coffee and other caffeinated drinks.
- Make changes to your daily routine.
- Talk to a friend or loved one.
- Seek professional help ans take steps to avoid relapsing.
Treatment for Sleeping pill addiction
Frequently asked questions
Can sleeping pills make you addicted?
What sleep medicines are addictive?
- Barbiturates. These are the oldest type of sleeping pills. They’re rarely used because they’re highly addictive. These should only be taken under the supervision of a doctor.
- Benzodiazepines. Drugs like diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and clonazepam (Klonopin). These are sometimes used short-term for insomnia, anxiety, or other sleep disorders. They can also be used long-term if the patient has chronic insomnia.
- Z-drugs. Zolpidem (Ambien), zaleplon (Sonata), and eszopiclone (Lunesta). Z-drugs are non-benzodiazepines: they work by a different mechanism. However, some experts think they may be even more addictive than benzodiazepines.
Is it ok to take sleeping pills every night?
What are the effects of abusing sleeping pills?
- Drowsiness and daytime sleepiness
- Slurred speech
- Poor coordination
- Problems with decision-making and judgement
- Risk-taking behaviour
- Weight gain
- Increased risk of car accidents
- Heart problems
- Breathing problems
- Potential fatal overdose